Why People Are Freaking Out About Jaclyn Hill & Jojo Siwa, An Alabama Law Controversy, & Russia

Komentar

  1. Philip DeFranco

    Philip DeFranco5 bulan yang lalu

    Ooo look timecodes: JoJo Siwa and Jaclyn Hill Products (00:06), Axios Report (3:56), TIA (5:09), Alabama Law (7:27), Russian Journalist Released (10:49)

  2. Collin MacInnis

    Collin MacInnis5 bulan yang lalu

    Omg.. if a guy molested a kid.. idk do not let them out of prison.. problem solved. Forcing a person to take meds after a term is served. Would the same be said to a person in a mental hospital... would you draw blood samples every month.. and if not on meds they go straight back? Once the time is served maybe the duration of parole. That would be like hey your on disability for PTSD.. take these meds or we do not pay you anymore.. Easy fix.. just do not let them out.

  3. [DU]Saggin

    [DU]Saggin5 bulan yang lalu

    the problem with extreme laws and punishments is, people often get wrongfully accused and punish only to later be proven innocent. also corruption can twist laws and punishments to be used for other evil proposes and to abuse people. even tho some may deserve this and worse, but you don't fight evil with evil or you become evil then whats the point.

  4. Dalimil Lazan

    Dalimil Lazan5 bulan yang lalu

    In regard to CHcemical Castration, Its pretty much Anti Human rights law, so It kind of cant be even considered law. Basic human rights are applying even retrospectively, which means this law is and always will be invalid. For more references, look at Case, where SLovakia castrated Gipsy woman, dunno how its called now ...

  5. Oana Puha

    Oana Puha5 bulan yang lalu

    I don't agree with chemical castration, it's indeed too cruel. I say this as a former child victim, I was 4 years old.

  6. SquidCaps

    SquidCaps5 bulan yang lalu

    My media landscape is filled by 80% of Trump and US politics. I'm from Finland.. I do follow it but the amount is just so massive that just youtube autoplay algo alone serves me at least 4 hours of US politics, everyday.

  7. llama girl01

    llama girl01Bulan Yang lalu

    OKKKK IM PISSED WHY ARE BEAUTY GURUS ON IDreporter MAKING MAKEUP WHO ARENT MAKEUP SCIENTISTS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT I GET YOU WANT SHOW YOURE BRAND BUT STICK TO MERCH BECAUSE ANYONE CAN MAKE CLOTHES IF OLD ENOUGH ITS NOT LIKE ME A RANDOM STRANGER MAKE MAKEUP WHICH I HATE WEARING AND CANT DO AS A GIRL AND DONT KNOW ANY COMPANY TO DO THE PROCESSES WHILE I JUST DO THE DISNGE BUT I DO EVERYTHING YEAH PEOPLE BE LIKE HELL NO BUT IF I TURN INTO SOMEONE WHOSE A BEAUTY GURU THAT MAKES ONLINE VIDEOS FOR PEOPLE THEY WOULDNT CARE BUT THEN CARE IF THEY GET HURT LIKE THIS WHY I ONLY BUY MERCH AND MAKEUP FROM ACTULLY MAKEUP COMPANYS WHERE SCIENTIST WILL KNOW WHAT THEY'RE DOING THIS BS LIKE I DONT BUY FOOD FROM A PLACE THAT SELLS TOILETS NO HATRED I JUST DONT THINK OH IM A BUEATY IDreporterR EXCUSES GOING TO SCHOOL TO LEARN TO OR HOW TO DO THE MIXURES CHEMICAL ALL THAT SHIT

  8. M&R Tuning

    M&R Tuning3 bulan yang lalu

    Isn’t Russia the one that shot a journalist with an umbrella gun and a ricein bb? Russian government is sketch

  9. jobriq5

    jobriq53 bulan yang lalu

    Forced chemical castration shouldn't be legal. That would be like forcing parents to vaccinate their kids

  10. Jennifer Guzman

    Jennifer Guzman3 bulan yang lalu

    i am hairstyles i been do hair for 19 years we have a lot of laws we found ever day it crazy that they are not do what the sate want them to do

  11. arreola1330

    arreola13303 bulan yang lalu

    Just checked out your interview with your son. Comments are disabled. Your kid is adorable. He may not know how long he's been 5 but he sure knows that Pluto is a dwarf planet along with most of the other planets. Adorable. And smart. Good job.

  12. stecky87

    stecky873 bulan yang lalu

    If you've sexually assaulted/raped a kid, you've given up all rights

  13. InitialPC

    InitialPC4 bulan yang lalu

    who cares about the side effects? anemia may be the worst of their problems but what about there victims? the victims will carry the trauma with them for the rest of their lives because of what these sickos did, and that baldheaded fuck who says it wont work, he is a dumbass who looks like a pedo, not only does chemical castration have nothing to do with treating mental illness so I have no idea why he is bringing that up, but in literally all cases where a person wants to molest or even rape a child, mental illness is involved, so I dont know why this guy is saying that pedophilia is not a sexual sickness, and on top of that when the other guy says its not "medically proven to 'work'" I hate to break it to you, but it works! this is not the 1800s anymore! your fucking government tests medications to see if they actually work! seriously I want both those clowns fired

  14. Tails Clock

    Tails Clock4 bulan yang lalu

    "Chemical castration is designed both to shackle the mind and cripple the body of sex offenders, it... should be struck down as a violation of the Eight Amendment." The same could be said of the suffering caused by prisons. Let's stop sending people to prison guys, it's cruel! Asshat. This is also akin to banning surgery for causing harm, because they can't think big enough to grasp the harm prevention. It is okay to experiment on child molesters when there's more good to be done than harm. Chemical castration isn't done to punsh the offender, it's done to protect the victims. It's moral.

  15. Rezkel

    Rezkel4 bulan yang lalu

    In regards to the News analytics I can want anything, but I can only consume whats available. On certain things I have to look it up and see if anyones talking about it, meanwhile my news feeds will shove whatever braindead thing the Big D has done into my face 24/7

  16. JustPassingThrough

    JustPassingThrough4 bulan yang lalu

    I don't want to be overly cynical here, but I suspect that the solidarity in Russia in this particular circumstance will remain a relatively uncommon occurrence. But, I sincerely hope I'm wrong. I hope this is the spark that will help set Russia's oppressive and evil dictatorship ablaze. Because it NEEDS to burn.

  17. JustPassingThrough

    JustPassingThrough4 bulan yang lalu

    I find it sad that I'm genuinely surprised that I actually had to THINK on whether or not a new piece of Alabama legislation was in fact monstrous. However, upon giving it some thought, I have come to the conclus- of COURSE it's fucking horrible! Don't get me wrong. Sex offenders (the actual pedophiles I mean... not the poor bastards who were 18 having sex with a 17 year old) are normally deplorable individuals who need to be severely punished. But what that legislation proposes is indefensibly inhumane. It's a perfect example of fighting fire with fire, and its flawed origins were QUITE pronounced when the senator, when challenged by scientists and thinkers, responded only with a shallow appeal to emotion, rather than reason.

  18. JustPassingThrough

    JustPassingThrough4 bulan yang lalu

    Huh. People are far less concerned with being knowledgeable about the more important issues of the world than they are with catching up on the latest celebrity gossip to assuage their own personal problems? And refuse to be honest about such lifestyle choices because they are choosing to indulge that primal tendency we all have to not admit fault? WHO KNEW???

  19. JustPassingThrough

    JustPassingThrough4 bulan yang lalu

    I can't help but feel a little sorry for JoJo and Jaclyn. That's a shit way of trying to enter the world of mainstream industry. But, having said that, I am curious as to what level of duplicity they engaged in regarding the clearly poor levels of oversight and QC for their products. Did they know? If so did they try to rectify the situation? Either way, I suppose it has little impact on the end result. This is certainly going to be QUITE the PR disaster for the both of them, especially Jaclyn.

  20. Zach Winters

    Zach Winters4 bulan yang lalu

    So there's people hung up about lethal injection and hangings, but not chemical castration? These can't be the same folks right?

  21. Kevin Shingleton

    Kevin Shingleton4 bulan yang lalu

    Child sex offenders should be castrated. Crippling the mind and body of a sex offender is justice seeing as how the child rapist cripples their victims for the rest of their lives. If someone violates a child in such ways, they forfeit their "basic human rights" simply because their action is intentional. There is no such thing as "accidental" child molestation. The intent to sexually abuse a child is beyond cruel and there has to be a zero tolerance of some sort in place. Now, that being said, this should be applied to those who have been found GUILTY of said offenses. Trial by media is not the same as Trial by jury. Everyone DOES have the right to due process.

  22. Jennifer Mommy

    Jennifer Mommy4 bulan yang lalu

    Did you know that if you handle money you can have trace amounts of cocaine on ur person? Hmmmm....

  23. Jennifer Mommy

    Jennifer Mommy4 bulan yang lalu

    Does anybody else remember how the government misused chemical castration against gay males? I'm all for serious punishment for child molesters and I could be swayed to so awful things to those ppl but once we make these laws we make a law that ppl will find a way to abuse itself.

  24. Jennifer Mommy

    Jennifer Mommy4 bulan yang lalu

    Raw beauty Kristi is a role model for what all beauty influencers should be aiming for.

  25. baywest

    baywest4 bulan yang lalu

    I subscribed to this channel because I just wanted a news source that give you all the facts as soon as possible without a predetermined politically charged motive. But if I’m being truly honest I’m really more excited about the youtube drama that’s being discussed. Guilty.

  26. The Versace Life

    The Versace Life4 bulan yang lalu

    Child molestors don't deserve to be turned on anymore by young children, they never did period

  27. Odalis V

    Odalis V4 bulan yang lalu

    Love your vibe !

  28. Noah E

    Noah E4 bulan yang lalu

    Rape a child and you are no longer a human, thus "human rights" no longer apply. There is no cure for such deviance, but castration is a good start.

  29. GentleColt Pony

    GentleColt Pony4 bulan yang lalu

    Sex offenders and rapists should never see the light of day ever. Period.

  30. Nauna Standley

    Nauna Standley4 bulan yang lalu

    As someone who was sexually abused as a child (9yo) I still have reservations about chemical castration. There are so many different circumstances that could lead to someone being convicted of a sexual crime. A 14 year old could be (and it has happened) convicted of a sexual crime against say a 10yo. Where is the line drawn on who could be subjected to castration? I also worry about the psychological ramifications. It could create a worse monster than the convicted was before. Just keep them in jail away from everyone. Hell, I think lethal injection would be more humane and I'm not for the death penalty.

  31. nat lider

    nat lider4 bulan yang lalu

    Your previous report on the death penalty had me shook! That deep dive video was an amazing piece that laid out the true awfulness of this kind of 'justice'. I can't help but draw comparison to chemical castration - the state again is 'experimenting' on its citizens. Conducting procedures that aren't proven to work in getting desired outcomes, have significant side effects and consequences and considerated medically problematic and unethical?! I wonder who is doing these castrations; how can Doctors be ok in these cases but attending to death row goes against the Hippocratic oath? Or is it the local hairdresser doing the castration as well as executions? both of these retributive firms of punishment are grossly barbaric and ineffective and abuse of human rights

  32. Sam Omen

    Sam Omen4 bulan yang lalu

    I'm just going to put this out there...as a parent, the idea that castrating people who raped a child is "inhumane" is ridiculous to me. No amount of horrendous torture is enough. Even death is too good for them. I suppose they should count themselves lucky that I'm not personally in charge of anyone's punishment for a crime like this against a child. I can tell you that my imagination provides plenty of ideas for how to deal with them, and not a single one allows them the mercy of death, let alone an opportunity to someday reproduce.

  33. Christopher Newby

    Christopher Newby4 bulan yang lalu

    I don't think we should should start utilizing chemical castration Willy nilly, it seems like a slippery slope. I mean just look at what is going on with deplatforming, it was suppose to be for mass shooters now it's for anyone far right; it's obvious we can not be trusted to differentiate those who are threating individuals. I'd also like to add if the innocent project has taught us anything it's that there are hundreds of innocent and wrongfully convicted individuals in prison, and imagine how much tax payers money could eventually be allocated to those wrongfully chemically castrated. I worry that eventually we will get to a point where chemical castration will become an abused practice, I mean yesterday it's child sex offenders, today it's all criminals, tomorrow it's any and all abhorrent sexualities (gays, bdsm fetishism, trans, a sexual, intersex, trans fetishism, furries, etc...); once we begin decensitizing ourselves to removing human rights we begin an unavoidable descent to losing our humanity.

  34. DJ Shazkira

    DJ Shazkira4 bulan yang lalu

    It's inhumane to castrate a paedophile... hmmmm. Child molesters are monsters. The worst. Taking advantage of the innocents for some sick fantasy. I have no sympathy for those people.

  35. Margaret Steadman

    Margaret Steadman4 bulan yang lalu

    Regarding the sex offender chemical castration, here’s my undercaffinated not fully formed thought: chemical and physical castration has been used historically anywhere between the Han dynasty and the Ming dynasty (as the only men allowed to work with women were eunuchs.) as well as across other Asian countries, Europe, and the US before. It’s not a new concept (Alan Turing chose chemical castration instead of imprisonment but ultimately this gets into a question of the effects of prison for me. If someone serves their time and we still don’t trust that they’ve changed or reformed that we have to continue with punishment outside of prison, then what are we doing in prison? What’s the point of serving a sentence for someone to go right back out and do the same act again? (Here’s where I go off topic) shouldn’t we be reforming those who broke the law, not to mention moral and social law, in a way in which that person can understand not only what they did was wrong, but here’s how to be a member of society again? Here’s how to obey legal, social and moral law? If this seems tangential it probably is. I’m only halfway through my morning cuppa

  36. TheCritic

    TheCritic4 bulan yang lalu

    The castration is completely useless as anything else then "revenge" Rape is and molestation is fundamentally about power, if a serial rapist finds himself infertile he/she will improvise.

  37. Belle Beniri

    Belle Beniri4 bulan yang lalu

    Concerning the chemical castration, a big part of the debate is that the sex offenders can purchase certain over the counter herbs that neutralize or reverse the effect of the drugs. In many states, child molesters serve very little if any jail time due to the exception made using chemical castration. What they did to the children is physically irreversible, so why is it considered inhumane to physically castrate a sex offender but not inhumane what they do to their victims? The only problem with physical castration is if someone is wrongfully convicted.

  38. LadyDynamitez

    LadyDynamitez4 bulan yang lalu

    Watch Pretty Pastel Please's video about these lipstick, she found solid pieces of something that looks metal, plastic or even glass....

  39. Sharon Erigonia

    Sharon Erigonia4 bulan yang lalu

    I don’t know if you guys remember the story about the father who was accused of rapping his baby daughter? He always adamantly defended his innocence even though everyone believed the allegations. In the end, turned out he was innocent. What about these cases. Would he have been castrated and then “oopsie. You’re innocent. Oh well. You can’t have anymore children!!”

  40. Lucy Anne

    Lucy Anne4 bulan yang lalu

    As far as the Jaclyn Cosmetics lipstick launch, I ordered the entire collection & was fortunate in that all my lipsticks arrived perfect & beautiful. Not to say I wasn’t horrified at the lipsticks that some customers received, because WOW, those lipsticks were nothing short of disgusting & unacceptable. I do not use Twitter or Facebook, but felt it was important to note, at least somewhere, that the lipsticks I received were beautiful & flawless. Also I have approximately 16 friends & 8 family members that ordered Jaclyn’s lipsticks as well, all of which received perfect lipsticks like I did. However, I do have 2 other friends who received lipsticks that were gritty, had the small “balls” throughout the lipsticks, contained the mystery “fuzz” & had the holes in them as described by other customers. Considering all the far below perfect lipsticks that made it past quality control, & made it past anyone & everyone that should’ve caught the problems & stopped them from leaving the lab or factory or whatever, Jaclyn should really reconsider where her products are being made. Everyone should’ve received perfect, beautiful & flawless lipsticks like the ones that me & my family & friends received. I sincerely hope she gets production & quality control up to par & that everyone receives replacement products that are flawless & beautiful. I hope she hasn’t lost her opportunity because of this huge production fail. The lipsticks that were sent that they got right really are beautiful & I would love to see everyone receive the quality products that my friends, family & myself received. I assume she’s working hard to correct the problematic lipsticks & doing right by the customers who received any products that were less than perfect.

  41. Marcelo Colin

    Marcelo Colin4 bulan yang lalu

    Would you amputate the hand of someone who robbed? Would you blind someone who watched movies illegally? It's kinda extreme a dehumanizing. I think one mistake dos not justify another.

  42. whitney smith

    whitney smith4 bulan yang lalu

    Regarding the pedo's... when we start playing around with things like chemical castration where we are actually experimenting on human beings where does it end? It doesn't. Once the government is allowed to start this process (even if these horrific people deserve their punishment) it leaves too much room for new categories of what our government deems "criminal " the next thing you know and I realize this is a stretch but let's face facts that anything can happen.... is that poor people, immigrants, etc etc can and will be chemically exploited. I would much rather see them imprisoned for life with no comforts like t.v. etc then start allowing my government to experiment on any citizen. Plus chemical castration won't stop the urge to molest or rape people it will only take away one tool. If you are f**ked up enough in the head to go after children in the first place a limp noodle won't stop you from achieving your goal. Which again is why I advocate a life sentence with no parole.

  43. Jenny K

    Jenny K4 bulan yang lalu

    I can't even offer a rational opinion about chemical castration. I have no reason or empathy for pedophiles and would not care if they were physically castrated, quite frankly.

  44. Zubiila

    Zubiila4 bulan yang lalu

    I think child molesters should be castrated, but I don't know how I feel about the law using a method that doesn't sound to be backed up by scientists. I feel like if you implement such a law, you must make sure the method being used is the right one. Maybe surgical castration would be better if chemical castration carry more side-effects?

  45. Angel Face

    Angel Face5 bulan yang lalu

    You don't have to be a part of any community to understand that no product should have HAIR growing out of it.. It isn't from white fuzzy gloves either.

  46. David O Donovan

    David O Donovan5 bulan yang lalu

    Regardless, Hitler is in a far worse place now. It's 2019, he's dead.

  47. David O Donovan

    David O Donovan5 bulan yang lalu

    As for the Russian government verses media thing, if you want to really go down a rabbit hole, look into the conflicting stories of what the red army actually did with Adolf Hitler's dead body or if it was burned to the point where even the bones where gone before the red army captured the bunker or he escaped, it's again, a rabbit hole.

  48. David O Donovan

    David O Donovan5 bulan yang lalu

    Quality control: I'm not a manufacturing engineer, but how can a factory accidentally add asbestos into there product...except of course if the factory is super super contaminated and God help the staff working there. I'm guessing some factory worker possibly did a Fight Club Movie style contamination to the lipstick, or possibly the chemicals and/or storage of the chemicals to make the product where again possibly, super unsanitary for something that you would put to your lips, ir maybe there could have been a contamination in the factory machines. Again, I'm just guessing here about the first story.

  49. VagrantSoulZ

    VagrantSoulZ5 bulan yang lalu

    If you are a child molester then you don't just create a victim but you create someone who will (more than likely)keep molesting. It's not 100% but the percentage is high. So put the animals down whatever way you can. I know i know - what about the cases where the bf gets accused by the parents...blah blah blah. Those cases (as with all cases ) can be looked at. But full card carrying NAMBLA members should be oh so lucky to be living after banging a kid.

  50. dancer4evr1000

    dancer4evr10005 bulan yang lalu

    Never thought I’d agree with something Alabama does! But child sex offenders are some of the most disgusting scum of the earth, and I fully believe they deserve to be chemically castrated.

  51. CaraRowen

    CaraRowen5 bulan yang lalu

    Chemical castration isn't effective and we know that.

  52. menkara gamble

    menkara gamble5 bulan yang lalu

    The chemical castration thing doesn't sound right. While I personally am very much "eye for an eye" in terms of how I feel about things emotionally, I think if there is no hope for rehabilitation (which if you're permanently mutilating someone, seems to be true) then you should just go for death penalty and end things there. Again, I can understand eye for an eye mentality (and I think years of pain and humiliation would be fitting) but I also know that allowing vengeance to be a driving factor of justice isn't a good idea.

  53. tom Phan

    tom Phan5 bulan yang lalu

    Dont test on animals.. Test on convicted pedophiles.

  54. Minitaur

    Minitaur5 bulan yang lalu

    "Chemical castration is designed both to shackle the mind and cripple the body of sex offenders, it is doubly cruel and should be struck down as a violation of the Eigth amendment." So kind of like what offenders do to their victims? I'd say it's a fitting punishment for someone who would shackle the mind and cripple the body of a child for the rest of the child's life. That being said, there are many things that can go wrong like false accusations and wrongful sentences. If the offender is innocent and put through this process, it would be incredibly inhumane and wrong. How could you possibly take that back or protect the inmate? By freezing and preserving the offender's DNA? That would cost a ton of money, and private prisons especially would take advantage of that or just not do it. And don't suggest providing medical insurance to the wrongfully accused. This is the U.S., not a country that cares about its citizens, much less convicts. Also, there's the possibility of this punishment being applied to other crimes, or even worse, the possibility of this punishment becoming a tool for abuse against certain demographics. It's no secret that Alabama is a place that is very unsafe for non-caucasian folks. Slowly, overtime, they could ensure that certain demographics' population decrease from sterilization.

  55. SpitFireBuz

    SpitFireBuz5 bulan yang lalu

    my opinion on the castration issue is: OFF WITH THEIR HEADS!!! chemically at least :))))

  56. cRispylemon

    cRispylemon5 bulan yang lalu

    Hi my name is Crispylemon i am 19 years old and work in Asbestos Removal. Asbestos is an organic mineral/fiber also known as the Serpentine rock. Which is The California State Rock. It was used in many types of Insulation decorations, fabrics & so much more. Asbestos was the easiest strongest and cheapest material to obtain at the time. It was mostly used as a fire resistant material, but went on too be used as a decoration. If you live in a house with a popcorn ceiling that is asbestos. Asbestos is safe when it is not distrubed. The moment you mess with it break it or tamper with it. You release the asbestos particles in the air which are smaller than 3 microns in diameter. Thats 1000x smaller than fiber. If you spray it down with water you decrease the amount of asbestos in the air, which sorta helps but its best to wear hazmat suits gloves and hepa filter Masks. You must have an Osha 40 certification like i do to remove and dispose of asbestos so please do not touch it. Asbestos particles can lodge into your lungs and cause scarring and cancer to the lungs called Asbestosis. Once you breathe in asbestos there is no cure. There is NO SAFE amount of asbestos so please be cautious & WEAR A HEPA FILTER MASK. You will not see any side effects of asbestos until 40 years after. Which is terrifying. If youre in need of asbestos removal call a restoration company certified in asbestos removal or contact your city enviornmentalist for assitance. I hope this clears up what Asbestos is and what it does.

  57. Ianna80

    Ianna805 bulan yang lalu

    Getting punished in this way I say to the pedophiles out there, WHAT DID YOU THINK WAS GOING TO HAPPEN WHEN YOU’RE A PEDOPHILE?!?! It’s easy for the critics against this like John Stinneford to say this when they were NOT the ones molested as a child like I was!!! Cruel and unusual punishment also easy to say when it NEVER happened to you or someone you love PLUS they should be punished in a cruel way since it’s not just a regular crime they RAPED CHILDREN/INFANT, so yes it should be as cruel as possible!!! These “people” aren’t dangerous ARE YOU KIDDING ME?! So you call molesters NOT dangerous, REALLY?!?! In my opinion they deserve SO MUCH WORSE!!! ALSO I agree with Representative Steve Hurst what is more inhuman then molesting children!!! Obviously I know I’m biased but STILL my opinion stands!!!

  58. Aria Clements

    Aria Clements5 bulan yang lalu

    Sex offenses are about power, not arousal. Chemical castration makes people feel better and gives a false sense of security. I'm against it for this reason. It won't decrease the chance of an offender reoffending. Let them rot behind bars instead.

  59. Joe Smith

    Joe Smith5 bulan yang lalu

    And why should I care about these people

  60. Jai Austin

    Jai Austin5 bulan yang lalu

    with the Jaclyn situation. It seems like it is just her who has quality issues in her collabs and products over and over again

  61. Cassie

    Cassie5 bulan yang lalu

    Hey Phil could you talk about Jon Stewart being a boss standing up for fire fighters in congress

  62. l p

    l p5 bulan yang lalu

    I hope she used that kit Like a lot A lot

  63. sour swagger

    sour swagger5 bulan yang lalu

    Please tell me jojo siwa got hit by a truck

  64. Leopard Bra Brado

    Leopard Bra Brado5 bulan yang lalu

    mindless fans of IDreporterrs , they think its OK... time to really stop buying cheap mass produced shit from factories that skimp. Everyone wants more but why???

  65. Candy Sith

    Candy Sith5 bulan yang lalu

    Yeah, chemical castration definitely comes with a lot of unknowns. Better switch back to surgical. :-P