The Enlightenment: Crash Course European History #18


  1. Matthew Stretanski

    Matthew Stretanski23 jam yang lalu

    " A letter to Crash Course" Dear John Green, Thank you for developing Crash Course into a great educational tool. It has been inspiring to watch you develop this platform into a resource that is relatable. I use it often as a supplement to my Eighth grade U.S. History course. Based on the changing styles of production from US History made years ago and the new European series, you have grown and matured. My students love them and many honest and (relatively) mature conversations are sparked. The unassuming production and script allows them to understand the content without being overwhelmed by the sometimes complex topics. Thank you for Crash Course. Sincerely, Matt Stretanski

  2. Dean C

    Dean C8 jam yang lalu


  3. TheArcherAssasin

    TheArcherAssasin6 hari yang lalu

    first crash course video that I had to play on 1.5 speed.

  4. shax nom

    shax nom9 hari yang lalu

    So Turks are Europeans?

  5. Karl Øyvind Bendiksen

    Karl Øyvind Bendiksen13 hari yang lalu


  6. Charles Taylor

    Charles TaylorBulan Yang lalu


  7. James On

    James OnBulan Yang lalu

    Why does he speak slower

  8. XzoahX

    XzoahXBulan Yang lalu

    "18th century torture was the worst" I find it funny that, despite being hyperbole, this is literally true.

  9. Fermin Aponte

    Fermin AponteBulan Yang lalu

    Talk fasterrrrr lol

  10. Kolza

    KolzaBulan Yang lalu

    aight my dbq on this is tomorrow. wish me luck

  11. Penelope Dalton

    Penelope DaltonBulan Yang lalu

    These videos save my life! Thank you!

  12. Sir_Elephant

    Sir_ElephantBulan Yang lalu

    0:00 Answers vary 0:47 Earthquake in Lisbon Portugal 2:51 Luxuries included coffee tea chocolate tobacco 3:41 Travellers to Asia were impressed with how much less quarrelsome they were 4:29 Montesquieu wrote Persian letters 5:06 Voltaire wrote Candide 6:18 Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote Emile 7:18 Women hosted the enlightenment salon to share ideas or to meet a philosopher called a philosophe 8:56 Denis Diderot edited the encyclopedia 9:34 David Hume promoted reason above religion, Deists argued God existed but didn't influence everyday life 11:23 Enlightenment views led to abolition of slavery 11:42 Olaudah Equiano, a freed slave, described the middle passage after being enslaved 13:00 An Inquiry into... was written by Adam Smith 13:21 Rousseau' wrote The Social Contract. He discussed the General Will 14:04 Immanuel Kant argued everyone should think for themselves 14:51 Moses Mendelssohn believed enlightenment would lead to the end of Jewish persecution 16:22 Enlightenment leads to individualism (answers vary) Tldr: Europeans decided life sucks and women spilled some tea

  13. Brenden

    Brenden4 hari yang lalu


  14. Harveytb

    Harveytb25 hari yang lalu

    Sir_Elephant you are a god, thank you for that

  15. Alastor

    AlastorBulan Yang lalu

    What happened to the “[this machine kills fascists]” computer?

  16. Anatolia Lucida

    Anatolia LucidaBulan Yang lalu

    I'm so glad that you referred to the long-term consequences of the "Enlightenment." It's especially important to go into those consequences in great detail, though, especially because you referred to predictions of a brighter future for Jews. The "Enlightenment" actually played a huge part in setting up the horrifying future that came in the 1900s, to be honest. It's one reason why the Postmodernist movement gathered so much steam after WWII. Do you have a follow-up video on how the "Enlightenment" might have been a figment of social imagination, like the "Dark Ages" and the "Renaissance." if not you could especially hit on Robert Darnton's observations that the trashy romance novels and porn had as much, if not more, influence over rich European attitudes than the "great works" of these high-minded "philosophes." Many of the people executed for being corrupt royalty or nobility during the French Revolution, many of them guilty in some way or another, left behind libraries with the works of the "philosopher" featured prominently in them. In other words, yes, people may have quoted these guys, but how much did readers really care about their ideas? Did people glorify salons because it was the "in-thing?" Hypocrisy abounded. There are historians who have argued that the "Enlightenment" was, in part, made up by leaders of 18th century revolutions whenever they pulled the authors of works that supposedly inspired them into a body of literature. Then, you could explore how the toxic European obsession with "Reason" ended up escalating to the point of setting up genocides from the 1800s to the present. "Enlightenment" economic theory became the backbone of modern racial theory, which fueled imperialism and by extension: concentration camps and genocides in Africa, Asia, and South America; eugenics; classism; sexism; and modern stigmas against mental illness and disabilities.

  17. molly English

    molly EnglishBulan Yang lalu

    I turned it to 1.25 because it's just not the same with him speaking slow.

  18. Shmuel Mizrahi

    Shmuel Mizrahi2 bulan yang lalu

    Im god

  19. Toxic

    Toxic2 bulan yang lalu

    history class anyone?

  20. Bryan Heraz

    Bryan Heraz2 bulan yang lalu


  21. Ashley Sayshi12

    Ashley Sayshi122 bulan yang lalu

    I would love to see a video about Jonathan Swift

  22. Flipping Around

    Flipping Around2 bulan yang lalu

    Anybody from mrs.kagans class studying for tommorow

  23. Dominic Helgoth

    Dominic Helgoth2 bulan yang lalu

    So I read a lot about 1 or 2 books a week for school,and I have read about half of the philosophers in this video and most of there reasoning starts from severely biased opinions.

  24. Nugraha Palin

    Nugraha Palin2 bulan yang lalu

    People across Asia didn't seem as quarrelsome as Europeans Temujin: *hold my fermented mare's milk*

  25. Ben Raulston

    Ben Raulston2 bulan yang lalu


  26. ™ᙠ uɐqnƆ ˙˙˙ssǝ⅄

    ™ᙠ uɐqnƆ ˙˙˙ssǝ⅄2 bulan yang lalu

    AKA... just Montesquieu

  27. Darryl Calder

    Darryl Calder2 bulan yang lalu

    Guard the women with unix! As hell hath no fury like windows

  28. Slattbruh

    Slattbruh2 bulan yang lalu

    he do be lookin kinda fresh doe

  29. Julia Ann

    Julia Ann2 bulan yang lalu

    does anyone else have to take notes on these vids? that’s my homework lmao

  30. Sam Kelly

    Sam Kelly2 bulan yang lalu

    Was the tourture where they strap you to a wheel and proceed to smash your limbs and body with hammers?

  31. ainsley !

    ainsley !2 bulan yang lalu

    these videos help so much especially since i’m taking AP European History!

  32. Mara Rapson

    Mara Rapson2 bulan yang lalu

    4:19 He's describing the Sanders Sides! No wonder they know about Kant!

  33. Alicia Koepke

    Alicia Koepke2 bulan yang lalu

    "Men should take off their makeup, wigs, and high heels" oh how the tables have turned

  34. Night Owl

    Night Owl5 hari yang lalu

    @Tobias Mouer have you seen modern "quirky and not like other girls" women? Oh how the stables have filled... Get it? Because every quirky girl is a horse girl? Haha...

  35. Tobias Mouer

    Tobias Mouer5 hari yang lalu

    oh how the turns have tabled

  36. ThePhantomGamer

    ThePhantomGamerBulan Yang lalu

    I don’t think so, did you see James Charles?

  37. Thomas McArthur

    Thomas McArthur2 bulan yang lalu

    a ha ha

  38. edutainment

    edutainment2 bulan yang lalu

    please speake slowly

  39. Paul Alanis

    Paul Alanis3 bulan yang lalu


  40. Joar Ulvnes

    Joar Ulvnes3 bulan yang lalu

    Test in history tomorrow, watching in 2x speed. So much more effective.

  41. Mat_h3w

    Mat_h3wBulan Yang lalu

    Joar Ulvnes Same!

  42. Andrea Brokate

    Andrea Brokate3 bulan yang lalu

    The intro for me hungry for pizza 💀

  43. confusedwhale

    confusedwhale3 bulan yang lalu

    God was okay with the whores. They were being true to themselves. God was not okay with the religious leaders, who were probably taking advantage of little boys.

  44. Joseph Vitale

    Joseph Vitale3 bulan yang lalu

    Its just not the same

  45. Valentina Giraldo

    Valentina Giraldo3 bulan yang lalu

    This is coming out at the perfect time as i’m taking AP World History and currently learning and reading about the enlightenment

  46. Lucius Garvous

    Lucius Garvous3 bulan yang lalu

    What is a perfect world?

  47. Türk Dil Kurumu

    Türk Dil Kurumu3 bulan yang lalu

    Lol 1:10 awesome animation :D

  48. William Barros

    William Barros3 bulan yang lalu

    To understand all those crimes that Religion of juzsys did, we need to understand their way of deal with those situations. It is written on the bible that juzsys is the ONLY way to reach god! Thus if you are not with juzsys you are with SATAN! Questioning juzsys are BLASPHEMY. A sin without forgive. It is a real philosophy for IDIOTS! It was created to submit/control the Roman Provinces! And even today question, true DEBATES about the FANTASY/FABLE of juzsys is auto-censored on the news!

  49. Brian Hutzell

    Brian Hutzell3 bulan yang lalu

    3:20 It's Mr. Creosote!

  50. Lucio F Adaime

    Lucio F Adaime3 bulan yang lalu

    As a philosophy enthusiast I am very happy to see more than Voltaire and Rousseau being covered. Especially happy about Hume and Kant who have had as much if not more of an effect in History than the other two (yes I know about the revolution and yes I know Voltaire slept w the King of Prussia and yes I know it's not a competition, but trust me when I say Hume and Kant planted the seeds for the 19th Century).

  51. Conner Fields

    Conner Fields3 bulan yang lalu

    I smell the Labor movement (s?) on the horizon.

  52. Conner Fields

    Conner Fields3 bulan yang lalu

    "Facts don't care about your feelings"-Diderot

  53. Luc Groshens

    Luc Groshens3 bulan yang lalu

    9:01 Denis "the original ben shapiro" Diderot

  54. Dávid Kertész

    Dávid Kertész3 bulan yang lalu

    So basically the enlightment was the rise of the smartasses.

  55. Catski

    Catski3 bulan yang lalu

    Weirdly find this therapeutic

  56. Hypatia Ravenclaw Kovalevskaya Sklodowska

    Hypatia Ravenclaw Kovalevskaya Sklodowska3 bulan yang lalu

    when someone romanticise past 🤦🏻‍♀️

  57. Steven Vazquez

    Steven Vazquez3 bulan yang lalu look different. You look good tho!✊🏽🙏🏼 keep it up!

  58. ShawnGuy

    ShawnGuy3 bulan yang lalu

    Pineapple at the table in 3:20. The beginning of the anthropicine.

  59. Xordy

    Xordy3 bulan yang lalu

    Mr Clearwater?

  60. Jared Froman

    Jared Froman3 bulan yang lalu

    John Greene, it's actually "Immanuel Kant".

  61. Madmarie

    Madmarie4 bulan yang lalu

    HOLD UP: I was enjoying this until you got to the part about reason not being the answer for social problems. The terms used were, “under the guise of”, at 15:11, and, “pseudo-scientific reason”. In both cases, the phrases used imply an ABSENCE of reason. Obviously, being literally unreasonable isn’t going to solve problems. Therefore, I disagree with that premise. The values of the enlightenment are still moving us forward today.

  62. Jonkeu Viuhc

    Jonkeu Viuhc4 bulan yang lalu

    The all so logical influenzers of then were as today actually not that rational ...

  63. vinni mac

    vinni mac4 bulan yang lalu

    Calas was taken through the streets to the city’s main square, then led up to a scaffold and tied to an X-shaped cross. Whereupon an executioner, iron rod in hand, crushed Calas’s bones, two blows apiece to the upper and lower arms, two to the upper and lower legs, three to the midsection. Calas, his body broken, was then tied to a wheel, face to the sky, where, for two hours, he refused to convert and refused to confess. “I die innocent,” he said.

  64. Joox

    Joox4 bulan yang lalu

    11:01 Did they animate Lil Yachty in the DeLorean? Looks like him, with the hair. Lil Yachty McFly.

  65. dragoola69x

    dragoola69x4 bulan yang lalu

    I love watching crack course. It opens my mind to new ideas and to build apon others. And makes me more understanding and accepting of indifference.

  66. Civics Review

    Civics Review4 bulan yang lalu

    My course has been crashed! Thanks for the new video!

  67. Patrick Star

    Patrick Star4 bulan yang lalu

    The enlightenment, the reason that the aesthetic of "logic and reason" are so fetishized in our current society.

  68. El Presidente

    El Presidente4 bulan yang lalu

    I want a full description of the tortue