Similarities Between Turkish and Indonesian
- 19 Sep 2019
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Turkish and Indonesian belong to different language families but have a lot of common vocabulary through different languages, mainly via Arabic. This language challenge will be between Şimal, a Turkish speaker from Antalya, Turkey, and Firman, an Indonesian speaker from Jakarta, Indonesia.
Despite being far from one another geographically, there have been contacts between the people of what is now present-day Turkey and Indonesia from as far back as the 12th century. Later on, in the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire supported the Aceh Sultanate in its fight against the Portuguese Empire in Malacca. As a result, exchanges between Aceh and the Ottoman Empire increased, not only military, but also in commercial, cultural and religious fields.
Indonesian (bahasa Indonesia) is an Austronesian language, a standardized register of Malay and the official language of Indonesia. Indonesia is a multi-lingual country and most Indonesians speak another language, however, the Indonesian language is used as a lingua franca. Indonesian is also recognized as minority language in East Timor. The Indonesian language has been influenced by many other languages, including Dutch, English, Arabic, Chinese, Portuguese, Sanskrit, Tamil, Hindi, and Persian. This is the reason why it shares a lot of common vocabulary with other languages from different family groups.
The Turkish language (Türkçe), which is also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with most of its native speakers living in Western Asia, and significant group of speakers in Germany, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Northern Cyprus, Greece, the Caucasus, and other parts of Europe and Central Asia. Ottoman Turkish, which was a variation of the Turkish spoken today, influenced many parts of Europe during the time that the Ottoman Empire expanded. When the modern Turkish republic was established, one of Atatürk's Reforms consisted of changing the Ottoman Turkish alphabet with a Latin alphabet. Today, Turkish is recognized as a minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Iraq, Macedonia, and Romania.
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