A Sword of Ice and Fire | Because Science Footnotes


  1. MrFreeman012

    MrFreeman0128 hari yang lalu

    "I don't like because magic, because magic just kicks the explanation down the road."... What? The only annoying thing about magic as a theoretical explanation of something is that it's unfalsifiable and unprovable. I have no idea what you're talking about when you say magic "Doesn't explain anything. It just kicks the explanation can down the road." Explanations don't have to be correct to qualify as explanations. An explanation is just... an explanation, right or wrong.

  2. Daniel Presnall

    Daniel Presnall3 bulan yang lalu

    Absolutely lost it at "hotdoggrass" and "wow I hate that visual"

  3. Joshua Martinovich

    Joshua Martinovich4 bulan yang lalu

    so i know this is a bit late, BUT, this a correction for the guy that "corrected" you on medieval steel..... and he is wrong, completely. He is basing his "correction" on the misconception that humans are a pack of dumb apes back then that had utterly no knowledge of well, anything. This is drastically wrong and insulting. they may not have had our scientific, modern knowledge with our science tables and all that, but they absolutely did understand how steel worked, that it was stronger, had the proper means to get less/more carbon, ect ect ect. so our modern steel swords we make...... yeah sorry, but the medieval swords are just as effective. we just have more modern and effective ways of producing these things than they did. see, thats the difference between now and then. we have ways to mass produce steel and such that they did not have access to. that doesn't mean our steel is better, it just means we can mass produce it. that is all it means. we have evidence that steel was around as early as the bronze age and that they had knowledge that it was far superior than bronze, which is possibly where the legends and myths of magical weapons granted to heros by the gods themselves came from. because i steel weapon in the bronze age.... yeah, that would appear liker it was a magical weapon gifted to someone by the gods themselves. so people need to learn and get rid of that misconception. Our steel isn't better. we simply can mass produce it.

  4. Nycrone zeith

    Nycrone zeith6 bulan yang lalu

    Why in star wars 8 and Prometheus use the spaceship light speed to become a bullet and destroy he enemy ship....here the question....how is that possible according to the force speed of light the ship will be disappear before hit...so in another world the enemy remaining and the hero be lost....????????...can you explain it how that goes....

  5. James Lightfoot

    James Lightfoot6 bulan yang lalu

    Having watched "Forged in Fire" I've seen over and over that iron quenched in water develops cracks, becomes brittle and will shatter under stress.

  6. 1mezion

    1mezion6 bulan yang lalu

    What would happen if you super heated the sword (just below melting point) then dropped it into liquid nitrogen

  7. 1mezion

    1mezion6 bulan yang lalu

    Luigi? I wonder if he's related to agh nevermind

  8. Ian Cassidy

    Ian Cassidy6 bulan yang lalu

    You definitely shouldn't play as mage characters. You have no clue about basic thaumaturgy.

  9. krulty

    krulty6 bulan yang lalu

    9:37 Erm... no, just no. Soooo wrong. I'm a HEMA practitioner and general medieval weaponry enthusiast. Medieval steel is NOT "extremely poor quality". It was very VERY high quality steel. Yes it was inferior to SOME modern steel. But not by a large margin. In fact many modern practical combat ready swords are of similar quality.

  10. The Seleuf

    The Seleuf6 bulan yang lalu

    I take issue with the "correction" that medieval steel was "extremely poor quality". When talking about "the medieval period" you're talking about roughly a thousand years and all of Europe. How they made weapon and armour at the beginning of that period in England, the middle of it in Germany, or the end of it in Italy, are vastly different beasts to contend with, not to mention who forged the blade, what their skill was, who they were making it for and how much that person was paying, if the blade had any imperfections, and what those imperfections were, which gets down to an insane level of individual variables. So yes, you would have to use an accurate replica to get accurate results, but you would also have to figure out what "accurate" even is given all of the variables above.

  11. ConnorSinclairCavin

    ConnorSinclairCavin6 bulan yang lalu

    Although an even cryoshock wont destroy the metal, and although modern metal tends to be better, if the frost walker weapons deliver something similar to an instantaneous infinite heat sink upon contact (below absolute zero value basically, or something similar, likely fueled by magic) all in one single place on the metal, even newer ones, but especially the non-homogeneous steel/iron of old, it would cause a shrink wave that *could cause it to make a million part spiral disintegration form in the blade from the contacted metal having its chemical bonds ripped apart by shrinkage, or if even a stronger cold hit it may basically thanos snap them into dust as the energy to hold the atoms to eachother is taken away and rendered into metal sand

  12. JL Laine

    JL Laine6 bulan yang lalu

    Your test sword was "cheap low carbon" steel easily mass produced into wall-decoration sword shapes, which are more 'ductile' at all temperatures and not hardenable. file-test the next sword before testing.

  13. DLTyrus

    DLTyrus6 bulan yang lalu

    Kyle: "Pizza for breakfast, that's not healthy" Me, eating pizza for breakfast: "Don't judge me"

  14. Heliumoxid43

    Heliumoxid436 bulan yang lalu

    What if they additionally use sound in the eigenfrequency of the sword to scatter it?

  15. Farmer Frank

    Farmer Frank6 bulan yang lalu

    Magic is just a term for something not understood just as high technology, psionics,life energy manipulation and imprinting Sounds like they are somehow hitting the steel with frequency that shatters the crystaline structures in the metal....what is is the weapon they use made of? Is there a vibrating frequency when it hits a steel sword?

  16. Ninja Hombrepalito

    Ninja Hombrepalito6 bulan yang lalu

    Finally got to watch this video. Very good video!

  17. BrandNew

    BrandNew6 bulan yang lalu

    How strong do you need to bend a steel bar? How fast is the strike for the bar to bend? idreporter.net/v/video-20bpjtCbCz0.htmlm

  18. Doesn’t want to update me youtube name comment Why

    Doesn’t want to update me youtube name comment Why6 bulan yang lalu

    I never understood hovering, does it even exist or is it just a lot of thrust in different directions at different time intervals?

  19. jag519

    jag5196 bulan yang lalu

    isn't 77 degrees C above absolte 0 also 77K?

  20. David Wallace

    David Wallace6 bulan yang lalu

    About the Kelvin thing I like that Not everyone knows everything about everything

  21. David Wallace

    David Wallace6 bulan yang lalu

    What’s going on with your eyebrows bro? 🤔

  22. Pretender

    Pretender6 bulan yang lalu

    Actually, flash freezing is something you can do it home with just a freezer. Just pop it into the freezer, unwrapped for 20 minutes, then take it and wrap it in shrink wrap. That's all culinary flash freezing is. I don't know why it works that way, but it allows me to cook a month in advance without freezer burn. That's different from flash freezing in science.

  23. Kiha Akui

    Kiha Akui6 bulan yang lalu

    8:41 I HATED that comment. This is a show about science COMMUNICATION. You got this, Kyle!

  24. Ghost Yuki

    Ghost Yuki6 bulan yang lalu

    Thor refused an opportunity to wield his mighty hammer? I am disappointed :P

  25. Mark Victor Dalthorp

    Mark Victor Dalthorp6 bulan yang lalu

    Philosophically, science just kicks the explanation can down the road too. Science just says the way things happen given a set up, not why that's how things happen or why they get set up that way.

  26. Michael Castillo

    Michael Castillo6 bulan yang lalu

    How defaq does he not have 1m subs

  27. gecko the ben

    gecko the ben6 bulan yang lalu

    you spent 50 dollars on that sword. At that price the sword would be just reused mid quality steel mixed with aluminum to cut cost

  28. Frano Lucic

    Frano Lucic6 bulan yang lalu

    How about that the white walker ice swords have a suuuuper high conductivnes. Then they would cool the sword in an instant and maybe shatter it?

  29. ismail köylücü

    ismail köylücü6 bulan yang lalu

    Okay but what a sword of famine and feast

  30. Wolf Assassin

    Wolf Assassin6 bulan yang lalu


  31. LordVader

    LordVader6 bulan yang lalu

    I wonder how many women wish Kyle would post video of him topless and sweaty hammering on a sword. Lol

  32. The TB Weeze Podcast

    The TB Weeze Podcast6 bulan yang lalu

    Medieval steel wasn't absolute poor quality, it would usually top out at mild. Plus once firearms came around they would sometimes have trouble puncturing plate armour. Besides the sword they used in the test was cheap, a sword in the middle ages would have been much higher quality

  33. Saphira Hera

    Saphira Hera6 bulan yang lalu

    2:07 Kyle, you are incredible! This part is so hilarious, I couldn't believe it. And you improvised that? Absolutely unbelievable! Because Science is better than Because Magic though. I watch all of your episodes because they're truly awesome. I guess I fell in love with science and soon after that I fell in love with Because Science and you, Kyle. Learning new things every time and you just make me happy. Learning makes so much fun with you! Unfortunately, time zones keep me from watching your live streams live but luckily I can watch them later. P.S. Kyle, please upload another bloopers video! Greetings from Germany!

  34. Deathmachinept

    Deathmachinept6 bulan yang lalu

    Isn't possible to damage a sort with resonance ? and not actual heat?

  35. RequiemReforged

    RequiemReforged6 bulan yang lalu

    my wife is now not allowed to watch this show anymore. she wont stop talking about how cute you are.

  36. Marcello Gonzalez

    Marcello Gonzalez6 bulan yang lalu

    Could a human ever emit light from their bodies (through some sort of catalyst or physics-based phenomena of course)? Also, they emit enough light to make it difficult for others to see?

  37. Shadow__TTV

    Shadow__TTV6 bulan yang lalu

    Kyle, can you do an episode on The Day After Tomorrow, specifically how realistic the scene is when the helicopter pilot freezes instantly

  38. jbee02

    jbee026 bulan yang lalu

    What's more likely a visitor from another galaxy via ftl travel or a vistor from another dimension. I know both are absurdly unlikely as both are most likely physically impossible regardless of advance one technology may be. But which is the least unlikely.

  39. Potato Guy

    Potato Guy6 bulan yang lalu

    I got game of thrones ad

  40. Charles Mackinnon

    Charles Mackinnon6 bulan yang lalu

    When you put a hot glass into cold water, or a cold glass into hot water, there is a very good chance that the glass will shatter. The reason is that parts of the glass want to expand, or contract, faster than other parts of the glass. This could be what is happening with the shattering of the swords that the White Walkers are hitting. Added to that the force of striking the steel swords, while the chilling effect is freezing parts of the steel sword faster than other parts, and the steel sword would shatter like glass. Valerian Steel could possibly be the Game of Thrones metals equivalent to Pyrex.

  41. Erneiz Hyde

    Erneiz Hyde6 bulan yang lalu

    1400 AD European steel was NOT of "extremely poor quality".

  42. A.J Stastny

    A.J Stastny6 bulan yang lalu

    Hey, could you do some DOOM 2016 because science?

  43. Kalil _thesarcastic

    Kalil _thesarcastic6 bulan yang lalu

    Ohh I didn’t know that Thor do maths and science

  44. Bo Bandy

    Bo Bandy6 bulan yang lalu

    Psh the falcon rocket obviously uses the power or dragons #GetYoMagicRight

  45. Khodexus

    Khodexus6 bulan yang lalu

    If you heat a sword to forging temperatures, then quench it too quickly, it shatters. This doesn't even require cryogenic temperatures, but can happen with room temperature water.

  46. Repressed Jedi

    Repressed Jedi6 bulan yang lalu

    How fast would Speed O’ Sound Sonic have to go to make 10 afterimage, and how same for Saitama, but he made 100

  47. Sifu Culreif

    Sifu Culreif6 bulan yang lalu

    A lot of people probably know by now that the "White Walkers" are not the same in the show as they are in the book. What we see in the show is basically an army of what the book calls "Wights". HBO's writers confused the "Others" for the undead that rise in their presence. The "Others" have weapons that are SHARP enough to cut valerien steel like cheese. Cold shouldn't be what does it. That's all HBO bs.

  48. Jacob Jackson XII

    Jacob Jackson XII6 bulan yang lalu

    Hit up Cody’s lab for making the sword!!!! He will make it!!!! He would love making it!!!!!

  49. Morbid Eel

    Morbid Eel6 bulan yang lalu

    Hmm ... so would you want hotdog grass or grass hotdogs?

  50. HoratioTeaPot Jones

    HoratioTeaPot Jones6 bulan yang lalu

    @10:45 "I don't know, put it wherever you want." Kyle 2019

  51. a dog

    a dog6 bulan yang lalu

    No Kyle, that balloon is just falling with style

  52. a dog

    a dog6 bulan yang lalu

    Why is their names?

  53. Shane Sangster

    Shane Sangster6 bulan yang lalu

    I thought about the randomness of the infinity gauntlet as well. I just thought each planet would have a different percent of the population dusted. Like one planet may have had 90% of the planet dusted and another planet could have 10% dusted but most would be around 50%... that would be cool if they estimated that the earth was 63.7% dusted.

  54. a dog

    a dog6 bulan yang lalu

    What if the bottom line is helium one and the top one is the Air One and it's not a string connecting it it is a solid transparent / translucent Pole?

  55. a dog

    a dog6 bulan yang lalu

    And I like, recycling cans

  56. Ty Fletcher

    Ty Fletcher6 bulan yang lalu

    Steel in the 14th century was better than many believe.

  57. Ty Fletcher

    Ty Fletcher6 bulan yang lalu

    To address your refutation of thermo-shock, the sword did shatter. A bit. Barely more than dust but flakes of sword fell off. Those dusty bits would have experienced the most thermo-shock. The rest of the sword was insulated by the distance.

  58. Boyd Hess

    Boyd Hess6 bulan yang lalu

    Anyone who sees this i know it is a weird way to get the word out but i am out of options my fiances mother has stage 3 kidney cancer so please go to my twitter account @NathanBHess1 and donate to the go fund me link to help in any way you can please you dont have to comment or like it i just ask that if you can help please do.

  59. Lion Rocha

    Lion Rocha6 bulan yang lalu

    Where are the subtitles >:(..

  60. David Szaks

    David Szaks6 bulan yang lalu

    Infinity dusting is based on chirality :)